- Mongolia SAIJIKI -

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is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia.
..... The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Gökturks and others. The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206. After the collapse of the Yuan Dynasty, the Mongols returned to their earlier pattern of constant internal conflict and occasional raids on the Chinese borderlands.
..... The geography of Mongolia is varied, with the Gobi Desert to the south and with cold and mountainous regions to the north and west. Much of Mongolia consists of steppes.

..... Most of the country is hot in the summer and extremely cold in the winter, with January averages dropping as low as −30 °C.
Mongolia is high, cold, and windy. It has an extreme continental climate with long, cold winters and short summers, during which most of its annual precipitation falls.

The name "Gobi" is a Mongol term for a desert steppe,
which usually refers to a category of arid rangeland with insufficient vegetation to support marmots but with enough to support camels. Mongols distinguish Gobi from desert proper, although the distinction is not always apparent to outsiders unfamiliar with the Mongolian landscape. Gobi rangelands are fragile and are easily destroyed by overgrazing, which results in expansion of the true desert, a stony waste where not even Bactrian camels can survive.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Years in the Mongolian calendar are designated by two terms,
an element or colour and an animal.

. The Lunar Mongolian Calendar .

Mongolian Dictionary
source : Bolor Toli Com


. . . . . K I G O . . . . .

. Birds of Spring .   

. Cherry blossoms бүйлс .
and Khamar monastery

. Dew, dewdrops .

. Edelweiss Цагаан уул цэцэг .

Globe-flowers, genus Trollius

. Golden Eagle Festival .
October 2-3. Ulgii, Bayan Ulgii province

. Hay, haystack, haycock .

. Hoarfrost, hoar frost хяруу .

. Jingisu kan nabe ジンギスカン鍋 Genghis Khan hot pot . Japan
成吉思汗鍋 (じんぎすかんなべ)
"Genghis Khan Stew"

. Ladybug .
"golden camel" in Mongolian

. Naadam festival- "the three games of men" .

. School year begins .
September 1

March 2-4

. White Moon - Tsagaan Sar .
WHITE MONTH - Traditional Mongolian Lunar New Year

. zud, dzud (зуд) snowy cold winter .

- - - - -

. Animals of Mongolia .
with more potential KIGO

. Flowers of Mongolia .
with more potential KIGO

source : tours/mongolia


. . . . . HAIKU TOPICS

. Antelope, Saiga antelope .

. Beggar .

. Blue Moon .

. boot bells for babies .

. Camel, Mongolian camel .

. dung of animals .

. Eight Horses of Happiness .

. Feather, feathers .

. Felt Fox to protect a baby .

. Genghis Khan . 1162 - 1227
The Legend of Yoshitsune
Could Genghis Khan have actually been
a Japanese samurai who went to Mongolia?

. Gobi desert steppe .
- - - . Gobi 黄砂 - yellow sand in Japan .

. Harumafuji Kohei 日馬富士 公平 .
Davaanyamyn Byambadorj Даваанямын Бямбадорж

. Homi, Hömi, Homie, Khöömei - throat singing .

. Karma .

Kumis, kumiss or koumiss - fermented mare's milk

. Lama Bird - mandarin duck .

. Light Offerings .  

. Lily, lilies .

. Magpie .

. Mongolian Milk Tea .

. Mongolian Ship from 13th century .

. Morin khuur horse-headed fiddle .

. shagai - ankle bones/ nuckle bones .

. Squirrel .

. Steppe, Mongolian-Manchurian steppe .

takhi - wild horse, Przewalski's horse
foals birth is kigo for spring - and horses in general

. Tsetserleg city .

. Tumbleweed, tumbleweeds .

. Turtle and Dragon .   

- - - - -

Topics mentioned in "Beyond the Limits"
(external LINKS)


crane - summer

deel - traditional clothing


Khustai mountain

leek, wild leek


Naadam festival


snow peak
star, stars

water barrow


. . . . . Haiku Poets

. Poets from Mongolia .

. Nadalsuren Purevdorj .
and the Mongolian poetry group
"Beyond the Limits" with Tuvshinzaya Nergui

. Zaya Nerugi .


The oldest completely passed down work of Mongolian literature is probably also the most well-known abroad: The Secret History of the Mongols. It does, however, contain passages of older poetry.
..... Already at the time of the Mongol empire, samples of Buddhist and Indian literature became known in Mongolia.

Culture of Mongolia
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Mongol Poetry, Mongolian Poetry
- Reference -

Mongolian Buddhist Art
Masterpieces from the Museums of Mongolia
- Reference -


Haits is one of short form poetry in Mongolia similar with Japanese haiku.
It has 3 lines. For haits the form is not important. No kigo, no 5 7 5 syllables.
Most important rule of haits is author's feeling and sensation specialty and its philosophic quality. Haits should reflect the human philosophic aspects, combining author's soul and affliction.
Otherwise it is the complex of philosophic aspect and feeling. It is the search to find himself from the inside conscience
Mongolian youths have a desire to feel free like our large steppe. So they have independent concepts. It is maybe because of our traditional nomadic life.
So, Mongolian people like much this kind of poetry.

Clouds, Mountains, Leaves...
Under my tiptoes
Oh, I become God ere-while

A. Sodkhuu
source : tsagaanharaatsai.blog.banjig.net

Mongolian Poetry called :
. The Universe Triples .


Mongolian script-
ripples of the large river
in moonlight

Zaya Nergui

Mongolian script
also known as Uyghurjin Mongol bichig, was the first writing system created specifically for the Mongolian language . . .
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Seven Haiku for a Mongolian Master
Under the general editorship of the eminent Mongolian poet G. Mend-Oyoo, an important dual-language anthology of American poetry has appeared in Ulaanbaatar (Mongolian Academy of Culture and Poetry).
Mend-Ooyo's own name tranlates roughly as "Man of the Secret Code," and a woman we met is "Lucky Violet." When I wrote seven haiku for Mend-Ooyo, I incorporated some of these details and other examples of how in the Mongolian imagination images substitute for abstractions. Marriage, for example, means "linked pillows" in Mongolian.

Lunch on the silver
edge of the wide bridal sky
in Mongolia.

. . .

Evening's first star wears
her seven jewels and shines
in Mongolia.

by David Lehman
source : blog.bestamericanpoetry.com

Things found on the way

Vanished Kingdoms:
The Wulsin Photographs of Tibet, China, And Mongolia, 1921 – 1925

source : www.burkemuseum.org


The Zanabazar Museum of Fine Arts
features Mongolian art from prehistory through the early twentieth century. The present museum building, located in central Ulaanbaatar, was constructed in 1905 by a Russian merchant. At various times in its history, the building served as a Chinese bank, a Russian Red Army soldier's office, and a department store. The building was inaugurated as the Museum of Fine Arts in 1966.
Khudaldaany Street, Barilgachdiin Square
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

source : www.mongolia-web.com

Collection of Zanabazar Museum of Fine Arts

Yeshe Dorje (Zanabazar)

Look at many paintings here :
source : www.himalayanart.org


A True Story from China

Travelling by Air in China to the desert oasis of Dun Huang, each passenger got a small folding fan made from sandalwood, with a lovely smell, upon entering the aircraft. "What a nice present" I thought and packed it in my bag. I should have known better after traveling extensively in Asia ...

Soon after takeoff it became quite hot inside the aircraft, after all the Gobi Desert was below our eyes, a breathtaking sight, but that is a different story.
The stewardess anounced: "Our airconditioning is out of order, so please use the hand fan we provided for you to keep comfortable."

I still keep this little one (or rather two, my husband got one of course) to tell the story of non-electric happiness. And it did not loose its nice smell even after more than 20 years.

. Gabi Greve , 2004 - Handfans .


Ella Wagemakers travelling -

Gobi sands
in the air, wild eagles
and Mongolian radio

**17 July near Bayan Zag, Mongolia

through the Gobi
faster than our jeep
summer rainclouds

*17 July, 2012, between Erdenedalay en Bayan Zag, Mongolia

the summer grass flat
where we lay together
Mongolian sky

*25 July, 2012, just outside Tsetserleg

Tsetserleg (Mongolian: Цэцэрлэг, garden)
is the capital of Arkhangai Aimag (province) in Mongolia.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


Rain drops
On the window
Is my yesterday.

In a gentle wind
Grasses are dancing
Autumn evening!

B. Burenbileg

Searching the pearl
From the ground of extinct sea
I found its spirit.

A. Sodkhuu

The frozen mind
Forgot your name
One autumn later

G. Darinyam

source : tsagaanharaatsai.blog

Related words

***** . WKD : Yellow sand  黄砂 (こうさ) koosa .
from the Gobi desert, blowing over to Japan
mookoo kaze 蒙古風(もうこかぜ)Mongolian wind
kosa aru 胡沙荒る(こさある) yellow sand is wild

golden on the gobi steppe
sun ferments

Nadalsuren Purevdorj

- Shared by Zaya Nergui -
Joys of Japan, 2012


The Nature of Feeling: Haiku from Mongolia
(English Edition) [Kindle]

Ed Bremson (編集), Tuvshinzaya Nergui (翻訳)

Seven poets from the Mongolian group "Beyond the Limits" have contributed about 250 haiku to this collection. This is no ordinary haiku or poetry collection.
Do you know much about Mongolian culture? This is an opportunity to become more knowledgeable of their poetry and culture and thought. Also it is just a chance to enjoy some remarkable haiku. Mongolian poets, it seems, want to make a mark on the world of haiku.
With this collection, I think we can agree that they have.

- source : www.amazon.co.jp





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